Open Government (OpenGoV)

Transform public management into an open, accountable and responsive to citizens ecosystem

Introduction

Open Government is the governing doctrine which holds that citizens have the right to access the documents and proceedings of the government to allow for effective public oversight.

There are 3 key pillars/goals defining the success of every open government initiative:

  • Transparency means that information about the activities of public bodies is created and is available to the public, with limited exceptions, in a timely manner, in open data formats and without restrictions on reuse. Transparency mechanisms must include the disclosure of information in response to requests from the public and proactive publication by public bodies. Key information about private bodies should be available either directly or via public bodies.
  • Participation means that the public can engage directly in the consideration of policy options and decision making, and can contribute ideas and evidence that lead to policies, laws, and decisions which best serve society and broad democratic interests. Governments should actively seek to mobilise citizens to engage in public debate. Mechanisms should exist which permit the public to participate at their own initiative and to trigger policy debates on matters of concern.
  • Accountability. An accountable government is one which makes itself answerable to the public, upholding standards of behaviour and integrity, and both explaining and taking responsibility for its decisions and actions. Accountability requires that rules, regulations and mechanisms be in place governing the exercise of public power and the spending of public funds. Specific and detailed measures are required to reduce corruption risks, to identify and prevent potential conflicts of interest, and to guard against illicit enrichment. There should be protections for those who expose wrongdoing.

Crowdpolicy Founders, Michael Psallidas and George Karamanolis, were integral parts of the OpenGov Initiatives in Greece for the period 2009-2012, having active participation in more than 30 Public Sector Projects.

Details

Government data shall be considered open if the data are made public in a way that complies with the principles below:

  • Data Must Be Complete All public data are made available. Data are electronically stored information or recordings, including but not limited to documents, databases, transcripts, and audio/visual recordings. Public data are data that are not subject to valid privacy, security or privilege limitations, as governed by other statutes.
  • Data Must Be Primary Data are published as collected at the source, with the finest possible level of granularity, not in aggregate or modified forms.
  • Data Must Be Timely Data are made available as quickly as necessary to preserve the value of the data.
  • Data Must Be Accessible Data are available to the widest range of users for the widest range of purposes.
  • Data Must Be Machine Processable Data are reasonably structured to allow automated processing of it.
  • Access Must Be Non-Discriminatory Data are available to anyone, with no requirement of registration.
  • Data Formats Must Be Non-Proprietary Data are available in a format over which no entity has exclusive control.
  • Data Must Be License-free Data are not subject to any copyright, patent, trademark or trade secret regulation. Reasonable privacy, security and privilege restrictions may be allowed as governed by other statutes.